95 Willenbrock Road Suite #4
Oxford, CT 06478
Tel: 203-264-3043 Toll Free: 866-343-3331
Fax: 203-264-8754
License # B-2082

 

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Roaches  

Five species: light brown to black in color.
Flat body with wings to 1 long.
DAMAGE: Contamination of food, can  cause asthma in children.

Size:
The American cockroach is a large cockroach, adults are approximately 1-1/2 inches long (38mm). 

Color:
The adult is a shiny reddish brown to dark brown and has a yellow margin on the pronotum (region directly behind the head). Immature American cockroaches are also reddish brown to dark brown in color and often have yellow markings on the abdomen. 

Description:
Adult American cockroaches have wings and will occasionally fly. However, they are awkward fliers and prefer to run when disturbed. Male and female American cockroaches are about the same size and look very similar. Both have a pair of cerci, finger-like appendages, at the tips of their abdomens. The cerci are used to detect air currents in the cockroach's surroundings. Male cockroaches have an additional set of appendages called styli on their abdomens. The styli are located between the cerci but are smaller and more delicate. The presence of styli is the easiest way to distinguish male from female cockroaches. Immature 

American cockroaches resemble adults, except they are wingless. The American cockroach egg capsules are mahogany brown and about 1/3 inch long. 

Habitat:
American cockroaches are a "peridomestic species" this means that they generally live outdoors. However, populations can also move indoors and live in human structures. American cockroaches usually live in moist, humid environments but can survive in dry areas if they have access to water. The cockroaches prefer temperatures between 70F and 85F and will not survive 15F. In structures, American cockroaches are common in areas where food is prepared or stored and moisture is plentiful. They are frequently found in restaurants, grocery stores, and bakeries. They are also commonly associated with boiler rooms, sewers, steam tunnels, and other warm, moist locations. In residential and commercial buildings, American cockroaches usually infest basements, crawl spaces, bathrooms, and decorative landscaping. Indoor populations tend to forage outdoors during warm weather. Likewise, during the winter months, populations established outdoors will venture inside seeking moisture and warmth. 

Life Cycle:
After mating, the female American cockroach will produce an egg case in three to seven days. She will carry the egg case protruding from the tip of her abdomen for another two days. The egg case is then deposited in a hidden location and glued to a surface with the female's saliva. Hiding the egg case helps to protect it from predators, parasites, and pest technicians. Each egg case contains an average of 15 embryos. The immature cockroaches will emerge in 24 to 38 days under warm conditions. They will complete their development and become reproductive in six to 12 months. Adult American cockroaches can live approximately a year to a year and a half. An adult female will produce between six and 14 egg cases during her lifetime. 

Type of Damage:
American cockroaches feed on a wide variety of materials, including cosmetics, beer, potted plant shoots, wallpaper paste, soap, postage stamps, and fermenting fruit. They can foul human food, clothing, paper goods, and surfaces with their feces and body parts. American cockroaches also produce a strong unpleasant odor. This characteristic odor is not only detectable in infested buildings but is also transferred to items that the cockroaches crawl across when foraging. So a pest management professional can often detect an American cockroach infestation before he has actually seen any cockroaches. 

Health Risks:
When American cockroaches aggregate, their presence is primarily an aesthetic nuisance. However, members of this species are also known to carry infectious bacteria on their bodies and in their gut. These bacteria may be transferred to food and other items that the cockroaches contact. Several bacteria commonly associated with American cockroaches are known to cause food poisoning, dysentery, and diarrhea in humans. American cockroaches also produce allergens on their bodies and in their fecal material. While American cockroaches are not considered to be major culprits of human respiratory problems like some other cockroach species, they have been implicated as a cause of allergic dermatitis and childhood asthma.
 

 

 

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Mastershield Pest

95 Willenbrock Road, Suite #4 Oxford, CT 064781 US

Phone: 203-264-3043 Website: http://www.mastershieldpest.com